Painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis: Aetiology, evaluation and management

  • William Rourke MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
  • Shahid Aziz Anwer Khan | saak_2000@yahoo.co.uk East Surrey Hospital, Canada Ave, Redhill, United Kingdom.
  • Kamran Ahmed MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
  • Shikohe Masood Medway Maritime Hospital, Windmill Road, Gillingham, Kent, United Kingdom.
  • Prokar Dasgupta MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
  • Muhammad Shamim Khan MRC Centre for Transplantation, King’s College London; Department of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Interstitial cystitis or bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is often a chronic debilitating condition characterised by predominantly storage symptoms and associated frequently with pelvic pain that varies with bladder filling. The aetiology is uncertain as the condition occurs in the absence of a urinary tract infection or other obvious pathology. Resulting discomfort may vary and ranges from abdominal tenderness to intense bladder spasms. Diagnosis and management of this syndrome may be difficult and is often made by its typical cystoscopic features. This review discusses the diagnosis and management of interstitial cystitis according to the current available best evidence and advises a multimodal approach in its management.

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Published
2014-06-30
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Issue
Section
Reviews - Urogynecology
Keywords:
Bladder pain syndrome, Interstitial cystitis, Chronic Pelvic, Treatment, Management, Diagnosis
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  • PDF: 1544
How to Cite
Rourke, W., Khan, S. A. A., Ahmed, K., Masood, S., Dasgupta, P., & Khan, M. S. (2014). Painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis: Aetiology, evaluation and management. Archivio Italiano Di Urologia E Andrologia, 86(2), 126-131. https://doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2014.2.126