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Author Guidelines

To submit a paper to our journal:

  • Register as an Author; we encourage you to register also as a reader and a reviewer at the same time.
  • Follows the Instructions to authors below.
  • Read our Editorial Policies and our Competing Interest policies

To submit a revised version

  1. Log in
  2. Click on your role as Author
  3. Click on QUEUED FOR REVIEW on the page displayed
  4. Under the heading EDITOR DECISION, upload your revised paper as AUTHOR VERSION using Browse and Upload buttons
  5. Use the NOTIFY EDITOR email to inform editors that the revised version has been submitted

General obligations for Authors

• An author's central obligation is to present a concise, accurate account of the research performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. 
• A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to public sources of information to permit the author's peers to repeat the work.
• An author should cite those publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work and that will guide the reader quickly to the earlier work that is essential for understanding the present investigation. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported in the author's work without explicit permission from the investigator with whom the information originated. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, should be treated similarly.
• Fragmentation of research papers should be avoided. A scientist who has done extensive work on a system or group of related systems should organize publication so that each paper gives a complete account of a particular aspect of the general study.
• It is inappropriate for an author to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal of primary publication.
• A criticism of a published paper may sometimes be justified; however, in no case is personal criticism considered to be appropriate.
• To protect the integrity of authorship, only persons who have significantly contributed to the research and paper preparation should be listed as authors. The corresponding author attests to the fact that any others named as authors have seen the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. Deceased persons who meet the criterion for co-authorship should be included, with a footnote reporting date of death. No fictitious names should be listed as authors or co-authors. The author who submits a manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of having included as co-authors all persons that are appropriate and none that are inappropriate.

As an option, PAGEPress offers its own professional copyediting service.
Professional copyeditingcan help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript needs a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:

Instructions to Authors
The authors are fully responsible for the language of their articles. Those for whom English is not the first language are advised to seek assistance of a native English speaker. Papers not meeting the standards of sound English grammar might not be published. All papers are refereed. Acceptance of papers is the responsibility of the Editor in Chief in consultation with the Editorial Advisory Committee. Manuscripts submitted will be subject to peer review by two reviewers familiar with the relevant field of research, being from a different country or at least from different institution from the author. Only papers of high scientific quality will be accepted for publication. After review process, the Editor-in-Chief will inform the authors of the acceptance, rejection or necessity of revision of the manuscript. Manuscripts are accepted for review only when they report unpublished work that is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Please read and follow these instructions carefully. The Publisher reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with these instructions.


Licence and permissions

It is a condition of publication that authors grant an exclusive licence to Journal of the Siena Academy of Sciences or Siena Academy of Sciences. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently, and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning copyright, authors may use their own material in other publications, provided that the journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Journal of the Siena Academy of Sciences is notified in writing and in advance. Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published figures, tables, or parts of text are to be included, the copyright-holder’s permission must have been obtained prior to submission. For more information on how to obtain permissions, please consult Rights and Permissions.

Preparation of the manuscript

General: Papers must be clearly written in English, also in Italian for the Italian section are accepted. In any case abstract and keywords must be necessarily in English.
Anyway the manuscript may have the same characteristics:
Authors should submit Word or rich-text files (RTF). The text of observational and experimental articles is usually (but not necessarily) divided into the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. This so-called “IMRAD” structure is not an arbitrary publication format but rather a direct reflection of the process of scientific discovery. Long articles may need subheadings within some sections (especially Results and Discussion) to clarify their content. Other types of articles, such as case reports, reviews, and editorials, probably need to be formatted differently.

The title page should have the following information:
1. Article title. Concise titles are easier to read than long, convoluted ones. Authors should include all information in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.
2. Authors’ names and institutional affiliations.
3. The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed.
4. Disclaimers, if any.
5. Contact information for corresponding authors. The name, mailing address, telephone and
fax numbers, and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript.
6. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.

References: The Uniform Requirements style for references is based largely on an American National Standards Institute style adapted by the NLM for its databases. Authors should consult a list of examples ( for information on its recommended formats for a variety of reference types.
Samples of references:
Journal: [1] Smith, M. A.; Casadesus, G.; Joseph, J. A.; Perry, G. Amyloid-β and τ serve antioxidant functions in the aging and Alzheimer brain. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 33:1194-1199; 2002.
Book: [2] Sen, C. K.; Packer, L.; Hänninen, O., eds. Handbook of oxidants and antioxidants in exercise. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1999.
Chapter in edited book: [3] Zuo, L.; Clanton, T. L. Detection of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in tissues using redox-sensitive fluorescent probes. In: Sen, C. K.; Packer, L., eds. Redox cell biology and genetics, part A. Methods in enzymology, volume 352. San Diego: Academic Press; 2002: 307-325.
Abstract: [4] Freeman, B.; Aslan, M. Tissue oxidation and nitration reactions in a mouse model and humans with sickle cell disease (abstract). Free Radic. Biol. Med. 33:S298; 2002.

Figures: Figures should be supplied in an electronic format at a suitable size for printing with the following resolutions: 600 dots per inch (dpi) for line drawings and combinations; 300 dpi for greyscale and colour. Colour figures must be supplied in CMYK not RGB colours. Please ensure that the prepared electronic image files print at a legible size and are of a high quality for publication.
All nonstandard abbreviations should be defined in a footnote. For nonstandard abbreviations only few abbreviations (ATP, NAD, NADH, NADP, NADPH, ANOVA etc.) can be considered.

Proofs: All manuscripts will undergo some editorial modification, so it is important to check proofs carefully. PDF page proofs will be sent via e-mail to the corresponding author for checking. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked and returned within 7 days. Corrections should be returned by annotated PDF, e-mail or fax. Extensive changes to the text may be charged to the author.

Post-production corrections: Corrections are made if the publication record is seriously affected by the academic accuracy of published information. Where these amendments concern peer-reviewed material, the correction will be published as a formal notice (erratum) in a subsequent issue.

Offprints and copies of issue: Corresponding authors also have the opportunity to order free hard copy offprints of their article. Copies of the issue can be purchased by authors at €30,00.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, or PDF document file format.
  3. We fight plagiarism: please understand that your article will be checked with available tools for discovering plagiarism.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. Please read this advice and download associated files. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has recently published in all ICMJE journals an editorial introducing a new “Disclosure Form for Potential Conflict of Interest”, with the aim to establish uniform reporting system, which can go over the existing differences in current formats or editors’ requests. We at PAGEPress Publications welcome this initiative as a possible uniforming, standardizing way to have this important disclosure authorizing the publications of manuscripts. We are therefore asking you to duly fill in the “Uniform Format for Disclosure of Competing Interests in ICMJE Journals” and upload it on the Web site of the PAGEPress journal your work is involved with or email it back to us, in mind to allow PAGEPress to peer-reviewing your work. The document is in Adobe format, it includes instructions to help authors provide the requested information and the completion procedure is user-friendly. Kindly note that the format have to be completed and signed by each author of the work. We remain waiting for the completed form to proceed with publication. Please be informed that if this Disclosure Form is missing, we will not be able to publish your work.
  7. Authors are kindly required to suggest at least two potential reviewers (name, affiliation and e-mail) for their manuscript in the "Comments to the Editor" field (Step 1. Submission Process).

Copyright Notice

PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.

An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:

1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.
2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.


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